Patient Guide to Coronavirus Websites

Learning about the Virus

CDC Frequently Asked Questions for Consumers
The go-to page for answers to most coronavirus health-related questions. It is frequently updated, and covers most of the categories in this guide, including prevention, testing, treatments, and vaccines.
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html

CDC Clinical Questions: Frequently Asked Questions for Health Care Workers
Although its intended audience is health care providers, this section is easy to understand and provides information about recommended treatments for special populations, including patients with hypertension, those with asthma, and those who are pregnant.
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/faq.html

World Health Organization Question and Answers
Frequently updated questions and answers from the World Health Organization based on new scientific findings as the pandemic evolves.
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub

Images of Coronavirus and other Viruses - National Institute for Allergies and Infectious Diseases
https://www.flickr.com/photos/niaid/albums/72157712914621487/

Staying Safe: Preventing COVID-19

CDC's Instructions for Making Cloth Mask
DIY Instructions for a simple cloth facial mask. Save money by making them yourself from fabric scraps. These instructions include patterns for both sew and no-sew versions. Also includes a 45-second video of U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams demonstrating how to make the no-sew version.
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-to-make-cloth-face-covering.html

Disinfecting and Cleaning: EPA List N Tool: COVID-19 Disinfectants
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a database of 460 products (including sprays, concentrates, and wipes) that meet EPA criteria for residential and institutional use against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. 50 products kill it in a minute or less, and 177 do so within 5 minutes or less. When searching this mobile-friendly database, simply enter in a word from the product name in the "keyword" box.
https://cfpub.epa.gov/giwiz/disinfectants/index.cfm

EPA Air Quality and Circulation in Homes and Businesses
Lowering the concentration of SARS CoV-2 by means of ventilation and filtration can play a role in controlling transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19, in addition to social distancing, cleaning and disinfection. Check out these tips on how to improve the air quality in your home.
https://www.epa.gov/coronavirus/indoor-air-homes-and-coronavirus-covid-19#natural

State by State Statistics, Travel Info: State Health Department Websites Directory
A listing with links to the health departments for all 50 states, District of Columbia, and 8 territories and freely associated states. Useful if you need to check the COVID-19 related travel restrictions and possible quarantine requirements, health statistics, business openings, and other recommendations and regulations in a particular state.
https://www.cdc.gov/publichealthgateway/healthdirectories/healthdepartments.html

International Travel Information: Travel Advisories by Country Issued by U.S. State Department
Most countries listed are a level 3 ("Reconsider travel"). As of March 6, 2021, only three countries were listed Level 1 (lowest) risk: Macau and Taiwan and New Zealand.
Level 4 means "Don't Travel."
https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories.html

What to do if you think you might have COVID-19

CDC Checklist of symptoms and self-checker
List of common symptoms. Also includes an interactive question and answer bot to help you determine if you should seek testing, seek medical care, or go to the emergency room. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html

Testing Information

For statistics on testing, see "Statistics" section

State Health Testing Sites Locator by State
Check with your doctor or health plan to find out where to get your test. Some testing centers require an authorization or an online authorization, but many do not; in those cases you can just show up or call to make an appointment. This CDC page has links to state health departments, which will have directories or maps of test centers in the state.
https://www.cdc.gov/publichealthgateway/healthdirectories/healthdepartments.html

Nationwide Testing Sites Locator
This map-based tool provides locations that offer coronavirus testing in the U.S. The interactive map has yellow dots for antibody testing sites, blue for diagnostic testing sites, and green if the site offers both kinds of tests. For the most up-to-date information, check with your local or state health department.
https://www.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=2ec47819f57c40598a4eaf45bf9e0d16"

FDA List of Emergency Use Authorized Diagnostic (PCR) Tests
There are 249 molecular diagnostic tests as of March 6, 2021, including 38 at-home versions (one of these you can buy over-the-counter).  These tests will tell you if you have an active COVID-19 infection. There are 15 antigen tests that also are used for diagnosing COVID-19. For at-home options, the test will be sent to you at your home after you complete an online questionnaire, or you may get a prescription for one and take it and get the results at home within minutes without needing to send a sample to a laboratory for analysis. 
https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19-emergency-use-authorizations-medical-devices/vitro-diagnostics-euas#individual-molecular

FDA List of Emergency Use Authorized Antibody Tests
As of March 6, 2021, there are 72 individually authorized serology tests, including at least two that estimate the level of antibodies, not just the presence of them, and one that tests for the presence of "neutralizing" antibodies.
https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19-emergency-use-authorizations-medical-devices/vitro-diagnostics-euas#individual-serological

FDA Authorized Serology (Antibody) Tests: Accuracy rates
Getting an antibody test to find out if you have been exposed to COVID-19? Check to see how well it is expected to work, based on performance results submitted to the FDA.
https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/emergency-situations-medical-devices/eua-authorized-serology-test-performance

FDA Frequently Asked Questions about Antibody Tests

The FDA answers common questions about serology testing, noting that "researchers do not know whether the presence of antibodies means that you are immune to the coronavirus in the future; or if you are immune, how long it will last."
https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/coronavirus-covid-19-and-medical-devices/antibody-serology-testing-covid-19-information-patients-and-consumers

Drugs and Treatments for COVID-19

NIH Official Treatment Guidelines
This page from the National Institutes of Health outlines the guidance for each level of infection: from asymptomatic (or presymptomatic) to the most severe. Because no drug has been officially approved to treat COVID-19, all of the treatments are considered to be under investigation.
https://www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/whats-new/

National COVID-19 Convalescent Plasma Project: Convalescent Plasma Treatment Locations
Scroll down for the index by state to find a list of treatment locations in your area.
https://ccpp19.org/donors/index.html

FDA List of Products for COVID-19 Disease with EUA

Includes list of ventilators and other medical devices, drug products (including remdesivir for hospitalized patients, convalescent blood plasma, and six others as of January 22, 2021). These emergency use authorizations (EUA) "allow unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in an emergency to diagnose, treat, or prevent serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions caused by CBRN threat agents when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives."
Drug Products: https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization#coviddrugs
All other products: https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal-regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization#covid19euas

RAPS Drugs in Development
The Regulatory Affairs Professional Society (RAPS) keeps track of therapeutic drugs under study or development. Many of these drugs already approved for other purposes are being used to treat patients. As of January 25, 2021,  57 treatments are listed. Products are sortable by name, medication class, trial phase, sponsor, and date of update. RAPS also has a vaccines-in-development tracker (see next section).
https://www.raps.org/news-and-articles/news-articles/2020/3/covid-19-therapeutics-tracker

Drug Shortages Database
Are you finding it hard to obtain a prescription drug? Availability for some drugs is limited because of the coronavirus pandemic. Check the FDA's drug shortage database to find out how long the shortage may be expected to last. Check this list by ingredient (generic name), then find out which generics and brand names are on the list.
https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/drugshortages/default.cfm

Vaccines

Ask a Patient Covid-19 Vaccine Patient Reviews
Janssen Vaccine Reviews      Pfizer Covid-19 Vaccine Reviews       Moderna Vaccine Reviews

US COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution and Administration
This CDC page reports how many people in the U.S. have received a vaccine, along with how many vaccines have been distributed. As of June 4, 2021, 169 million doses have been administered; more than 137 million people in the U.S. (41% of the population) are fully vaccinated.
https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#vaccinations

Emergency-Use-Authorized Vaccines
List of EUA Vaccines
As of June 4,  2021, three vaccines in the U.S. have been authorized: one by Pfizer/BionTech (age 12 and up), one by Moderna (age 18 and up), and one by Janssen Biotech (age 18 and up).
https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19/covid-19-vaccines

V-Safe Reporting System
The CDC and FDA have developed the smartphone-based "VSafe" system to improve the ability to evaluate COVID-19 vaccine safety in real time. You also may receive reminders about your second vaccine dose. Sign up here AFTER you get a COVID-19 vaccine:
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/safety/vsafe.html
Adverse reactions to a COVID-19 vaccine may also be reported through your doctor, vaccine administrator, vaccine manufacturer, or directly by the patient to the the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS): https://vaers.hhs.gov/reportevent.html
Ask a Patient also has rating forms for you to read and share experiences with some vaccines, including Moderna's vaccine and the Pfizer/Biontech Vaccine. and the Janssen (Johnson and Johnson) vaccine.

RAPS Covid-19 Vaccine Tracker
The Regulatory Affairs Professional Society maintains a database of Covid-19 vaccine research. It includes vaccines under development around the world, along with what phase they are in, sponsor, and source of funding. Nine vaccines have been authorized in at least one country as of 2021 January 22, and 56 vaccines are in various stages of development. Click the green plus symbol on the right column to view study design and more detail about each of the vaccines and their stage of development or approval. This organization also has a COVID-19 drug treatment tracker (see above section).
https://www.raps.org/news-and-articles/news-articles/2020/3/covid-19-vaccine-tracker

Bloomberg Vaccine Tracker Timeline
This site provides data on vaccines given globally and in the U.S., and this page (scroll down the page to section called "Vaccine Timeline" ) provides a timeline of vaccines in development and distribution, including color-coded trial status, number of people in trials, effectiveness, and other data in easy to read chart.
https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/covid-vaccine-tracker-global-distribution/#us

Highlights of Vaccine Safety Reports (V-Safe) from CDC
Check out our article with comparisons of reactions to the three U.S.-authorized vaccines.  
https://www.askapatient.com/news/comparing-vaccine-reactions-and-pipeline-news.asp

When to Get Your Vaccine
All people age 12 and up are now eligible to get a vaccine in the U.S. This CDC page explains how to find a vaccine:
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/How-Do-I-Get-a-COVID-19-Vaccine.html

CDC Glossary of Vaccine-Related Terms

Not sure what is meant by an "adjuvanted" or "recombinant" vaccine? Here is a glossary of vaccine-related terms for the layman, with everything from "accelular vaccine" to "waning immunity" and "whooping cough." Includes some audio clips with pronunciations of the terms.
https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/terms/glossary.html

Medical and Scientific Research

WHO Database of Global Research on Coronavirus Disease
The World Health Organization (WHO) has a database of scientific research related to COVID-19 disease. Includes these databases: Medline (U.S.), Western Pacific, WHO COVID and more. Scroll down to the middle of the page to search by author or key word, or journal.
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov
Direct search:
https://search.bvsalud.org/global-literature-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/

LitCovid (National Library of Medicine)
LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. The menu along the top divides the literature into these broad sections: General, Mechanism, Transmission, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, Case Reports, and Forecasting. In addition, convenient filters include chemical, journal, and country. It contains more than 59,000 relevant articles from PubMed as of October 8, 2020.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/research/coronavirus/

Statistics and Cases

Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Dashboard
Gives real-time case and death counts worldwide compiled from multiple sources.
https://www.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6

Covid-19 Tracking Site
This site was put together by Atlantic Monthly. It provides data on tests, positivity rates, cases, hospitalizations, hospital bed capacity, racial and other demographic breakdowns, and deaths. The site gives a "grade" for each U.S. state and territory for the quality and quantity of statistics provided by health departments. The site reports that it will stop collecting data on March 7, 2021, and documentation, archival, and analysis work will continue until the project closes in May.
https://covidtracking.com/data

Here is an example of chart created from CovidTracking site. It shows the number of new daily hospitalizations in the U.S. through February 19, 2021.
Number of U.S. Daily New Hospitilizations for COVID March 2020 to February 2021

This chart presents the total number of people hospitalized with COVID in the U.S. on a daily basis through February 19, 2021. On February 19, 2021, almost 60,000 people were hospitialized with covid in the U.S., down from over 100,000 just a month before.
Number of People Hospitilized with COVID March 2020 to February 2021

Vaccine Distribution Statistics
More than two million people a day are now being vaccinated in the U.S., with 2.3  million doses given on Wednesday, March 17, 2021. Bloomberg News' global vaccine tracker reports that this is the biggest global vaccine campaign in history, with 10 million vaccines given per day on average, worldwide. They also report on distribution glitches, likely candidates to be approved next, and provide charts showing number of vaccines dispensed each day since December. Find statistics on daily innoculations in the U.S. with CDC's Covid Vaccinations Tracker.
https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#vaccinations
Statistics from U.S. and countries around the world on Bloomberg News' Global Vaccine Tracker.
https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/covid-vaccine-tracker-global-distribution/

CDC U.S. Testing Data (Positivity Rates) for COVID-19 Diagnostic (PCR) Tests

The CDC reports that over 448 million diagnostic tests have been conducted in the U.S. as of May 28, 2021. As of May 28, the 7-day average positivity rate is 2.28 percent. Includes map of U.S. with testing data for each state.
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/testing-in-us.html

CDC Seroprevalence (Antibody Testing) Data

The CDC has three pages that provide explanations and a growing body of data on antibody testing. For an overview of what the tests and surveys can tell us:
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/about-serology-surveillance.html
Data for these ten U.S. areas: Connecticut, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, South Florida, Utah and Western Washington
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/commercial-lab-surveys.html
Interactive dashboard for viewing the data: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/commercial-labs-interactive-serology-dashboard.html

Statista: Number of Tests Taken Globally
According to Statista, the U.S. has conducted the highest number of tests worldwide (over 330 million as of February 12, 2021); this is up from 115.3 million tests conducted as of October 8. India reports about 204 million tests. China reports 160 million tests taken, but this number has not changed on the Statista dashboard in months. More than one billion tests have been taken worldwide.
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1028731/covid19-tests-select-countries-worldwide/

Our World in Data: the Scale of Testing Compared to the Scale of the Outbreak
Provides a variety of interactive maps that show data related to testing around the world, including: amount of testing over time, percent positive results over time, number of tests performed for each case identified, total tests performed relative to the size of population, and country-specific information.
 https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#the-scale-of-testing-compared-to-the-scale-of-the-outbreak

Statistics for Canada
Canadian government web site provides an interactive map of provinces and territories to visualize total cases, active cases, recovered cases, number of people tested or deaths in Canada. Click the play button on the lower left to animate the map over time. As of January 24, 2021, there are 63,668 active cases in the country, with a total of  747,383 cases cumulatively.
https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection.html#a1

CMS Nursing Home COVID-19 Cases and Hospitalizations Dashboard
This database provides a variety of statistics related to COVID-19 by nursing home location.  For each nursing home, includes the number of covid cases, resident deaths, covid deaths, number of beds available, and number of occupied beds. It also includes data on number of cases among staff, whether there is a shortage of staff (yes or no), whether any patients are on ventilators, and total resident confirmed cases per 1000 residents.
https://data.cms.gov/Special-Programs-Initiatives-COVID-19-Nursing-Home/COVID-19-Nursing-Home-Dataset/s2uc-8wxp/data

The visual dashboard allows you to create your own data visualizations. For example, here is an example of a chart created with the tool showing the monthly number of cases occurring among residents (blue) and staff (green) from May through November 12, 2020.
Number of new cases of covid in nursing homes for staff and residents by month

For an overview of the nursing home data, and some ready-made charts like the one below, go to this page: https://data.cms.gov/stories/s/COVID-19-Nursing-Home-Data/bkwz-xpvg
Nursing Home Confirmed Covid Cases by State CMS


New York Times
Nursing Home Statistics

While only 8 percent of the country’s cases have occurred in long-term care facilities (including residents and staff), deaths related to Covid-19 in these facilities account for more than 41 percent of the country’s pandemic fatalities. This site features various charts and statistics.  This page might be paywalled (require a subscription).
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/coronavirus-nursing-homes.html

Excess Deaths Associated with COVID-19
National Center for Health Statistic's database on expected and actual deaths in the U.S. and by individual state. Estimates of excess deaths can provide information about the burden of mortality potentially related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including deaths that are directly or indirectly attributed to COVID-19.
https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/covid19/excess_deaths.htm
The visualization dashboard allows you to create your own charts. The chart below is ready-made on the site and depicts weekly deaths (including excess deaths) January 2017 thru the week ending November 14, 2020.
Number of U.S. Weekly Actual, Expected, and Excess Deaths Since 2017

COVID-19 Clinical Trials information and Volunteer Opportunities

European Union Clinical Trials Register
https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/search?query=covid-19

ClinicalTrials.gov
Contains COVID-19 drug-related and vaccine-related clinical trials. As of 25 January 2021, 4,553 studies were listed. Of those, 841 studies are not yet recruiting; 2,283 are recruiting; 152 studies are recruiting by invitation; 355 of the studies are underway and not recruiting; 23 studies have been suspended; 47 studies terminated; 79 were withdrawn; 667 studies have been completeed.
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=COVID-19

Volunteer Opportunities for Vaccine Trials
Currently, the site reports more than 100 vaccine-related trials worldwide that are actively seeking volunteers.
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=COVID-19&term=vaccine&recrs=a&type=Intr

Coronavirus Prevention Network: Vaccine Clinical Trials
This site recruits and provides information to vaccine trial volunteers. It includes information on what to expect when you volunteer. As of 25 January, 2021, it describes two investigational vaccine trials that are actively recruiting volunteers in the U.S. Sponsors are Eli Lilly and Novavax.
https://www.coronaviruspreventionnetwork.org/understanding-clinical-studies/

Blood and Plasma Donation Opportunities

In August 2020, the  FDA had given Emergency Use Authorization for convalescent treatment for Covid-19, but the authorization was scaled back in February 2021:
On February 4, 2021, the FDA revised the convalescent plasma EUA to limit the authorization to high-titer COVID-19 convalescent plasma and only for the treatment of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 early in the disease course or hospitalized patients who have impaired humoral immunity.

Volunteer to Donate Blood or Blood Plasma:  AABB Blood Bank Locator
Blood donations in the U.S. have decreased due to the implementation of social distancing and the cancellation of blood drives. Health experts say that donating blood by appointment is safe.
AABB: https://www.aabb.org/tm/donation/Pages/Blood-Bank-Locator.aspx

Volunteer to Donate Blood or Blood Plasma: American Red Cross
The American Red Cross collects blood, platelet, and plasma donations. It provides antibody testing for all donors. Other locations, like hospitals, may not offer to perform the antibody test when you donate blood, since the infection has not been proven to be transmitted through blood transfusion. If you donate blood or plasma before June 28, 2021, you will receive free antibody testing by the Red Cross.
American Red Cross: https://www.redcrossblood.org/

Volunteer to Donate Convalescent Plasma: National COVID-19 Convalescent Plasma Project
If you have fully recovered from COVID-19, you may consider donating your blood plasma. Because it contains antibodies to the virus, the plasma may be used as a treatment for those sick with COVID-19. Many hospitals, clinics, and blood donation centers are accepting donations. Database of requirements and locations:
https://ccpp19.org/donors/index.html

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